Monthly Archives: April 2012

A Day in a life…

A Day in a Life…

On March 6, 2012 –in a meeting supposed to be chaired by our office head- I was appointed by him as the chairman for the Technical Support Group summer outing of  our company,. Based on that meeting –many locations were chosen-but by subsequent meetings – 3 more (March 19, April 4 & 11) –it was narrowed down to CME Resort –at Taytay, Rizal-near SM Taytay Mall.

Immediately the committee of team leader’s appointed the following:

1.Registration process and discount (headed by Coy and Alex S.)

2.Food budget and acquisition during the actual day (Coy, Kris & Jiegs)

3. Shared Group Activities (Knowell, Alex S and Coy)

4. Budget tracking and usage (Miles)

The initial budget and logistics view corresponds to this:

But in the end it devolves to this:

So it was not really all fun to be begin with –but needs the coordination and logistics of 4 separate teams and the willingness of 33 persons to be in the same place at the same time- and it took a lot of meetings to choose April 14 (a week after Holy Week) as the final date.

The committee –Knowell, Alex S, Miles and I made the reservation trek on March 30- to make sure that the location of the cabanas near the entrance was reserved. We were not able to reserve the pavilion near it because it was already set for a company-subsidiary.

The shared group activities coordinator is planning a light sports activity in the morning (which became the basketpool) and pinoy henyo for early afternoon and the heavy amazing race in the mid-afternoon. There was also planned covenant signing by early afternoon-afetr lunch –to be witnessed by our Head –Sir VGA. But it was not meant to be too hectic -as we left ample time for free on-your-own activities.

The day started kind of slow –since the teams are entering the compound by 8 AM to 10 AM . And when the 1st game started –we took a sort of team picture:

The first game ended by 11: 40 AM –and we all took our lunch and have a brief rest before the  afternoon activities. But what happened afterwards is not what we prepared for and we did not foresee any of it.

CME compared with the pride of the South Laguna-Splash Island- both 7 hectares in area:

CME, Taytay

Splash Island, Binan


Save a Life


 Types of Drowning

Maryland, Virginia, & Washington, D.C.

Drowning is a common cause of death for children under age 14. It is the second leading cause of death for children of this age, after car accidents. But not all drowning accidents are the same, and it is important to know the types of drowning, first to prevent injury, and second to understand your potential legal rights in the event that a loved one suffers this type of accident.

 Understanding Drowning

Drowning is a condition where the body suffers oxygen deprivation (asphyxia) as a result of fluid exposure. Beyond these basic elements, though, drowning can be very different. Recognized types of drowning include:

  • Wet drowning
  • Dry drowning
  • Near drowning
  • Secondary drowning

Because of the diversity of drowning, it is impossible to predict the ultimate outcome of any drowning accident. Sometimes, a person may be completely submerged underwater for extended periods and be fully resuscitated with little or no permanent damage. Other times, a person may never actually be submerged but may drown after taking in less than four ounces of water.

Wet Drowning

Wet drowning is the most common form of drowning. It occurs when a person’s lungs fill with water, and the person suffers oxygen deprivation leading to brain death. During initial submersion, a person may gasp and inhale a small amount of water that can lead to spasms around the larynx that seal it, preventing the entry of either air or water. After a short period of oxygen deprivation, the body begins to asphyxiate, and the muscles around the larynx relax, allowing water to fill the lungs.

Dry Drowning

Dry drowning occurs when the muscle action around the larynx that seal the airway prevent significant amounts of water from ever entering the lungs. However, air is also prevented from entering (or leaving) the lungs, and the person asphyxiates. The person may also suffer pulmonary edema, in which blood accumulates in the lungs. Dry drowning is often confused with secondary drowning.

Near Drowning

Near drowning is when a person suffers oxygen deprivation as a result of drowning but is revived after a period of time. Depending on the duration of oxygen deprivation, a victim of near drowning may suffer significant complications, including permanent brain damage.

Secondary Drowning

Secondary drowning occurs when a person inhales fluid into the lungs and that fluid damages the interior surfaces of the lungs, reducing their ability to exchange air. The fluid can irritate the lungs, causing the body to produce additional fluid to lubricate the lungs and stop irritation, but these fluids can actually contribute to asphyxiation. Secondary drowning is common among near-drowning victims, and all near-drowning victims should be evaluated for inhaled fluid even if they seem fine after resuscitation.

The following examples and laws pertain to those in American soil. It may vary greatly in our country.


Swimming Pool Accidents and Deaths

Especially in Florida, families routinely gather and enjoy daylong pool parties while basting in the sun. Sadly, as the water splashes and laugher abounds, danger is ever present. According to national statistics, during 2005 an average of 10 unintentional drownings occurred on a daily basis. Over 25% of all fatal drowning victims are children younger than 14. In addition, for every 1 child that dies from a drowning incident, another 4 receive emergency medical treatment for a near drowning experience.

Medically frail elderly persons also have a high drowning incident rate. Nonfatal drowning victims can suffer from a host of brain damage injuries, including traumatic brain injury and other neurological damage. Many times, nonfatal drowning victims suffer lifelong disabilities, including brain damage, learning disabilities, and memory and speech problems. Some victims remain in a permanent vegetative state.

Below are some additional sobering statistics:

  • Drowning is the 4th leading cause of accidental death in the U.S.
  • A child can drown in less than 2 minutes.
  • Nearly 20% of child drowning deaths occur in public pools with lifeguards present.
  • For every 1 child under the age of 4 that dies in a motor vehicle accident, another 14 die in a swimming pool.
  • Over 70% of preschoolers that drown were in the care of one or both parents and were missing from sight for less than 5 minutes.
  • Florida leads the nation with the most number of drowning incidents.
  • In Florida, the number one cause of death for children under the age of 14 is drowning.

The majority of fatal and nonfatal drowning cases often occur in one’s own backyard swimming pool. Bathtubs, buckets, toilets and baby pools are the most common cause of drowning for infants. Swimming pools, hot tubs and spas are the most common cause of drowning for children ages 1 – 4. Swimming pools, the beach, lakes, canals and rivers are the leading cause of drowning for children ages 5 – 14. Alcohol and drug use were present in over 50% of adolescent and adult fatal drowning cases.

In 2000, the Florida legislature passed the Preston de Ibern/McKenzie Merriam Residential Swimming Pool Safety Act. The act applies to newly installed pools, hot tubs and spas installed after 2001. The act requires adherence to one of four safety measures which includes 1) installation of a protective barrier, such as a fence, at least 4 feet high surrounding all sides of the pool 2) an approved pool cover 3) entrances to the property or pool area must have self locking and closing devices and 4) all doors and windows having direct access to the pool must have an exit alarm.

Tips on Preventing Water Related Injuries and Drowning:

  • Avoid alcohol consumption while supervising children in or around water
  • Avoid any other distraction when child is bathing, swimming, or playing in or around water;
  • Avoid deep water;
  • Install safety fences around pool with self locking and self closing devices;
  • Learn to swim;
  • Learn CPR, including your child’s caregivers, nanny and babysitters;
  • Swim when lifeguard is present;
  • Swim with a buddy;
  • Use life jackets.

Common causes of swimming pool and drowning accidents can include:

  • Dangerous entrapment equipment;
  • Defective pool equipment, such as a pool pump;
  • Failure to have safety equipment around pool;
  • Failure to install appropriate pool gate locks and latches;
  • Failure to install safety gate or fence around pool;
  • Failure to install slip proof flooring around pool;
  • Failure to secure water fountain from small children;
  • Failure to post no swimming, no diving or water depth signs;
  • Failure to post no trespassing signs;
  • Failure to properly secure property and pool area from wandering children and mentally challenged or disabled adults;
  • Failure to provide any lifeguards;
  • Hot tub or spa manufacturer liability,
  • Negligent caregivers;
  • Negligent floating devices;
  • Poorly maintained swimming pool;
  • Products liability, such as pool drain manufacturer;
  • Uncertified or incompetent lifeguards;
  • Unsupervised pool areas;
  • Violations of building code, ordinance or statues.

Common injuries sustained in swimming pool and drowning accidents can include:

  • Brain damage;
  • Brain dead;
  • Broken neck;
  • Catastrophic injuries;
  • Coma;
  • Death by drowning;
  • Diving board injuries;
  • Electrocution accidents;
  • Head injuries;
  • Neck and back injuries;
  • Neurological injury;
  • Oxygen deprivation injuries
  • Paralysis;
  • Paraplegia;
  • Quadriplegia;
  • Slip and fall around pool area;
  • Spinal cord injuries;
  • Traumatic brain injuries;
  • Other personal injuries.

Common negligent parties include:

  • Apartment complex owners;
  • Babysitters;
  • Caregivers;
  • Condominium associations;
  • Country clubs;
  • Government entities,
  • Homeowner associations;
  • Homeowners;
  • Hotels;
  • Landlords;
  • Lifeguards;
  • Motels;
  • Neighbors;
  • Owners of property that contain bodies of water such as private lakes, ponds, creeks, streams, canals, etc;
  • Public pool owners or operators;
  • Swimming pool contractors and builders;
  • Water and theme parks;
  • Other pool, hot tub or spa owners and operators.


Swimming Pool Liability

Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.

Swimming can be a great way to spend a hot summer day, but even the best swimmers can under some circumstances succumb to the danger ofdrowning. In many cases, the swimming pool owner, manager, or operator may have contributed to the circumstances that led to the drowning or near drowning.

When a Swimming Pool Owner Is at Fault

Although some drownings are accidents, frequently the drowning could, and should, have been prevented. This is the case when drowning is due to:

  • Lack of pool supervision
  • Carelessness
  • Risky behavior encouraged by pool owner
  • Faulty pools
  • Poor pool maintenance

The person or persons responsible for a drowning depends on the exact circumstances of the case. We can help you examine the circumstances of the case and determine liability related to your loved one’s swimming pool drowning accident.

Lack of Supervision

Ideally, all public pools should have lifeguards on duty to protect and safeguard those in the pool. A lifeguard on duty must be properly trained and attentive. A private pool owner should also have a way to keep children out of a pool, and if the pool owner invites families with children over for swimming must maintain careful supervision of the pool for the duration of the visit.

Risky Behavior

Risky behavior contributes to many swimming pool drowning accidents and other injuries. If a pool owner encourages risky behavior or participates in it, he or she may be held liable. Examples including diving into shallow pools and encouraging others to try or holding poolside parties where significant alcohol consumption is encouraged.


Pool covers and pool cleaning equipment can constitute grave dangers if left in the pool while people are swimming. Similarly, any object left lying around the edge of the pool can cause a person to trip and fall.

Pool Maintenance

A swimming pool requires regular maintenance to remain a safe, fun place for swimmers. Many underground pools experience buckling and heaving around the top of the pool, which can create uneven surfaces and increase the threat of falling into the pool. A good swimmer can drown after falling into a pool, whether from inhaling water during a surprised gasp or suffering a head, leg, arm, or spine injury during the fall.

An essential part of pool maintenance is also ensuring that rescue equipment like a shepherd’s hook and rescue flotation device are present, highly visible, and in good condition.

Defective Pools

There are many ways in which a pool can be defective. One of the most dangerous is defective pool drains that can lead to drowning or other injuries. A pool is also defective if it is not properly marked to warn whether a pool is too deep for non-swimmers or too shallow for divers. Defective ladders can make it hard for distressed swimmers to get out of the pool and contribute to their drowning accident.

An essential part of pool maintenance is also ensuring that rescue equipment like a shepherd’s hook and rescue flotation device are present, highly visible, and in good condition.

Swimming Pool Liability Questions

Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.

When can a pool owner be held liable for drowning accidents?

A pool owner can be held liable for drowning accidents when the drowning was the consequence of carelessness by the pool owner. The pool owner can also be held liable when the drowning was the consequence of a situation caused by the pool owner, known to the pool owner, or that could reasonably be expected to be known by the pool owner.

Who else can be held liable for drowning accidents?

In some cases, the pool manufacturer, the pool manager or supervisor, and/or people responsible for pool maintenance may be liable for damages following a drowning accident.

What are some situations in which a pool owner may be liable in a drowning accident?

swimming pool owner may be liable in drowning accidents that are the result of:

  • Poorly supervised pools
  • Risky behavior encouraged by the pool owner
  • Defective pools
  • Poorly maintained pools

How can a defective pool lead to drowning?

A common way that a defective pool can lead to drowning is when the swimming pool drain creates suction that draws swimmers to the bottom and holds them there. In addition, a pool may not have clearly marked depths, causing people to dive into shallow water, one of the leading causes of spinal injury, or jump into water too deep for their skill level.

What pool maintenance is crucial to preventing drowning accidents?

To prevent drowning accidents, the surface around the pool must be level, have a non-slip texture, be free of heaves, buckles, cracks, and tears. Water should not be allowed to puddle around the pool to create a slipping hazard. Safety equipment must be in its place, be in good working order, and be highly visible. Pool covers must be completely removed when people are swimming and the pool should be free of obstructions like pool cleaning equipment.

Fences around a pool must also be well-maintained to prevent neighborhood children from using the pool unsupervised.

When should a lifeguard be on duty at a pool?

All public or semi-public pools should always have a lifeguard on duty.

What qualifications should a lifeguard have?

A lifeguard should be certified, capable of retrieving a drowning victim, and performing first aid. The lifeguard should be capable of doing this with any victim.

A lifeguard must be capable of maintaining focus on swimmers without becoming distracted. A pool that relies on teens over summer break for lifeguard duty must be careful to select teens who are qualified and certified lifeguards. Pools with a large number of swimmers or that are very large should employ multiple lifeguards to ensure proper supervision of the pool.

What encouragement of risky behavior might make a pool owner liable for a drowning accident?

There are many risky behaviors that pool owners encourage but could lead to drowning accidents. A pool owner may start or encourage a game of tag around the pool. A pool owner can model dangerous behaviors like flipping or diving into a shallow pool. A pool owner can also throw poolside parties with a large supply of alcohol, or with many kids but little supervision.

Failure to Provide a Lifeguard

Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.

If a loved one begins to experience distress while swimming at a pool, you may not be able to save him or her from drowning, even if you are a strong swimmer. Even if you can get your loved one out of the water, you may not be able to provide life-saving first aid in the event of a near drowning. You may not even know your loved one is in distress until it is too late. It is for this reason that public pools should have lifeguards on duty, lifeguards that are appropriately certified for the duty of saving lives, lifeguards that are strong swimmers and trained in first aid.

When a Lifeguard Should Be Present

Laws governing exactly when a lifeguard is required vary, but in most cases the common-law understanding is that a lifeguard should be present at any pool when a significant risk of drowning exists. Since drowning and other injuries (such as spinal injury from diving) can occur in very shallow water, some are in favor of lifeguards at all pools. In reference to easing a county law in Virginia that required a lifeguard at all swimming pools, an American Lifeguard Association official was recently quoted as saying, “If they’re going to dig a hole and fill it with water, they should take the responsibility to help ensure the general safety of the public.”

Any time a business invites you to utilize swimming facilities but does not provide a lifeguard, it is putting you at risk. A business, such as a hotel, invites you to use its swimming facilities if it advertises them as a feature. Laws requiring lifeguards set a minimum standard for safety–they do not excuse business owners from liability.

Lifeguard Certification

Calling someone a lifeguard and putting him at a lifeguard station does not make him a lifeguard. A number of certification programs exist, but they all have several common features. To be certified, a lifeguard must be able to:

  • Swim 300 yards continuously
  • Swim 20 yards, dive 7-10 feet, retrieve an object, swim back to the starting place and emerge from the water without a ladder or steps–all in less than 2 minutes
  • Demonstrate proficiency in rescue moves
  • Demonstrate knowledge and proficiency in providing first aid to head, neck, or back injury victims
  • Perform CPR on adults and children
  • Perform miscellaneous first aid

Not having a certified lifeguard on duty at a pool may be considered equivalent to having no lifeguard on duty.

Why If no Lifeguard is on Duty?

Most complaints from pool owners about lifeguard requirements center on the cost of providing a lifeguard. Once constructed, a pool is relatively inexpensive to maintain, and it is seen as a profitable asset to a business like a hotel or resort. However, the cost of maintaining a lifeguard reduces the profitability of a pool.

Certified lifeguards have higher salary requirements than general employees, and many pool owners hire “pool attendants,” who are nominally responsible for supervising a pool, but are also expected to fetch towels, clean up, haul trash, and sometimes even act as waiters for poolside restaurants. This means they may be distracted or even absent when needed.

Drowning accident lawsuits perform an important function because they remind pool owners about the cost of not providing a lifeguard. A lawsuit allows you to express your loss in terms that business owners can understand so they will be more likely to have lifeguards on duty, whether strictly required or not, and save other families from the tragedy you experienced.

Pool Rules

Insurance requirements as well as safety considerations lead to the establishment of official pool rules:

1.UNATTENDED SOLO BATHING IS PROHIBITED AT ALL TIMES. This means no person of any age may enter the pool water unless another person 18 years of age or older is present inside the clubhouse, the fenced pool area, or in the pool.

2. Swimming is not permitted after sunset or before sunrise. Whenever thunder is heard or lightning is seen, the pool and concrete deck surrounding the pool are to be evacuated. No one is to enter the pool unless ten minutes have elapsed without thunder or lightning.

3. Main access to the pool is normally through the wooden gate. This gate is designed to be self-closing and self-locking. Under no circumstances is anyone permitted to defeat the self-closing and self-locking feature.

4. When the lifeguard is present, the clubhouse and the metal fence gate on the Summerford Court side of the pool will be opened for access. This gate and the clubhouse will be locked when the lifeguard is not on duty.

5. The maximum number of persons permitted in the pool at one time is 45.

6. Age Limits: Children 7 years and younger are NOT allowed inside the fenced pool area or clubhouse at any time without a parent or homeowner.

7. Children 8 through 17 years of age are allowed inside the fenced pool/clubhouse area without a parent or escort if BOTH of the following conditions are met:

8. A lifeguard employee of the SSTC is present AND The child has passed a swimming qualification test administered by the lifeguard. Children aged 8 through 12 are in a probation status. If cited by the lifeguard for rules violation, these children will require adult escort for the next two weeks (as if age 7 or under).

9. Lifeguard whistle means STOP AND LISTEN. Lifeguard has complete authority at all times to enforce these rules. The lifeguard has the authority to refuse the use of the pool to anyone not abiding by the rules.

10. Running, pushing in the pool, dunking, chicken fighting, and other rough play are not permitted inside the pool area. Pets are not permitted in the Pool/Clubhouse area.

11. No smoking, glass, chewing tobacco, or gum are permitted in the pool-fenced area or clubhouse. No tennis, nerf, etc. type balls are allowed in the pool.

Proper bathing suits are required. No cutoffs, or street type clothes are to be worn in the pool.

12. No person with a communicable disease that is transmittable via water will be allowed to use the pool.

13. Rafts and floats may be used if the number of swimmers is small. The lifeguard will control all raft and float use. Raft and float use will normally be prohibited when the pool is crowded.

14. Parents and escorts are responsible for supervision of their children. Parents aren’t to permit non-swimmers to enter the deep end.

15. Bubbles/swimmies are not life saving devices and children in them should be watched closely.

16. When the lifeguard is present, the ten minutes prior to each hour is designated “Adult Swim Period.” During this time all children under the age of 18 must leave the pool water ENTIRELY.

17. Members are to have their passkeys with them when in the pool area. All guests must be accompanied at all times by a member.

18. Due to the safety and liability concerns, anyone found violating age limit rules will be suspended immediately from use of the pool for a period of three days.

19. No swimming is permitted when the pool is being cleaned.

20. If more than three guests are to accompany a homeowner to the pool, the homeowner must meet the special guest requirements: *

21. If more than three guests pool committee (or board) approval must be made unless: The guests are staying at Homeowners home. Under the condition that it is not an organized function and there is proper supervision.

Varied information on Drowning

Varied information on Drowning




 “A Drowning Happens In Seconds

It could happen to you! A diligent father switches his attention to the phone while his child sinks lifelessly to the bottom of the swimming pool. A normally attentive mother is cooking in the kitchen, her youngster falls into the neighbor’s pool. A conscientious babysitter is distracted by the needs of one of her many charges, another wanders off and drowns.

Obviously supervision is critically important, but it’s virtually impossible to supervise young children every minute of every day. That is why parents and caregivers must provide multiple layers of protection – pool fencing, self-closing, and self-locking gates, automatic sliding door closers, pool alarms, automatic safety covers, as well as constant supervision.

From : CDC- Lifeguard Effectiveness-A Report of the Working Group

Each year, about 4,000 people die from drowning in the United States (National Center for Health Statistics, 2000).  Drowning was a leading cause of unintentional injury death among all ages in 1998, and the second leading cause of unintentional injury death among children ages 1-14 that same year (National Center for Health Statistics, 2000).  Approximately 50-75% of drownings occur in open water such as oceans, lakes, rivers, and ponds (Dietz & Baker, 1974).  About 60% of drowning deaths among children occur in swimming pools (Dietz & Baker, 1974).

….The importance of lifeguards providing patron surveillance, especially monitoring the behavior of swimmers, can be demonstrated with a brief description of how persons drown.  Many people assume that drowning persons are easy to identify because they will exhibit obvious signs of distress in the water, such as yelling or waving their arms.  However, this kind of behavior is not common.  Instead, people tend to drown in more quiet, less attention-getting ways.  Drowning persons usually struggle to keep their mouth above the surface of the water in order to breathe.  Struggling to stay afloat and possibly suffocating, they are rarely able to call out or wave their arms.  Observational studies of persons at fat water (non-surf) beaches have revealed that non-swimming adults who fnd themselves in water over their heads are generally able to struggle on the surface of the water for about 60 seconds, while infants and very small children can submerge in as little as 20 seconds.  These characteristics of drowning — the inability of a person to call or wave for help and the short time period before submerging — emphasize the need for lifeguards as a source for continuous surveillance and immediate action.

…Swimming lessons do not insure safety. About 25% of all young drowning victims have had swimming lessons. A child who falls into water unexpectedly will panic and forget his swimming skills.


9  MY T H S   O F   D R O W N IN G

1. Is drowning really a problem?

A. Yes. Drowning is the leading cause of unintentional death among children ages 1-4 in California. A residential pool is 14 times more likely to cause a death than an automobile.

2. Don’t more children die in open water than in pools?

A. No. 50% of deaths by drowning occur in residential pools.

3. Isn’t  it more  important to have a  locked gate to keep neighbors out?

A. No. 65% of the children were at their own home at the time of the incident. 46% of the children were last seen safe inside the house just before the drowning. 72% had direct access to the pool once they were outside the house.

4. Isn’t  it just parental  neglect that causes drowning?

A. No. According to the U.S. CPSC Drowning Study, conscientious parents who understand the need for supervision were almost always present.

5.  Won’t swimming lessons protect a child from drowning?

A. No. Swimming lessons do not prepare a child for a drowning or a near drowning situation.

6.  Isn’t constant supervision enough to prevent drowning?

A. No. We recommended “layers” of protection which include a well maintained non-climbable fence with a self-closing, self-latching gate, alarm systems, powered safety pool covers, and self-closing, self-latching doors with automatic sliding door closers.

7.  Is there any proof that fences or safety barriers work? Can’t a child climb over a fence?

A. In studies conducted in Australia and New Zealand, the findings suggest that adequate, four sided pool fencing reduced drownings by 80%. Studies in Arizona demonstrated a 50% reduction.

8.  Won’t fences detract from the aesthetics of pools?

A. There are several kinds of fences to choose from which meet safety requirements and there are also alternatives such as an approved safety cover.

9. Do pool owners without young children need to install protective barriers??

A. 35% of residential drownings are not at the home of the victim.

 From: Debunking Summer Health Myths

Medical Author: Melissa Stoppler, M.D.
Medical Editor: William C. Shiel, Jr, MD, FACP, FACR

As children, most of us heard lots of health advice. Unfortunately, some of it, however well-intentioned, was medically incorrect. See if you’ve ever heard – or believed – any of these common summer health myths.

“Wait a half hour after eating before you can safely go swimming.” This one seemed almost universally accepted when I was a child and is still believed today. The myth involves the possibility of suffering severe muscle cramping and drowning from swimming on a full stomach. While it’s true that the digestive process does divert the circulation of the blood toward the gut and to a certain extent, away from the muscles, the fact is that an episode of drowning caused by swimming on a full stomach has never been documented. Neither the American Academy of Pediatrics nor the American Red Cross makes any specific recommendations about waiting any amount of time after eating before taking a swim. There’s a theoretical possibility that one could develop a cramp while swimming with a full stomach, but a person swimming in a pool or controlled swimming area could easily exit the water if this happens. As with any exercise after eating, swimming right after a big meal might be uncomfortable, but it won’t cause you to drown.

From : On Scene- SCENE -The Journal of U. S. Coast Guard Search and Rescue (Fall 2006)

Characteristics of the Instinctive Drowning Response:

1. Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. The respiratory system was designed for breathing. Speech is the secondary, or overlaid, function. Breathing must be fulfilled, before speech occurs.

2. Drowning people’s mouths alternately sink below and reappear above the surface of the water. h  e mouths of drowning people are not above the surface of the water long enough for them to exhale, inhale, and call out for help. When the drowning people’s mouths are above the surface, they exhale and inhale quickly as their mouths start to sink below the surface of the water.

3. Drowning people cannot wave for help. Nature instinctively forces them to extend their arms laterally and press down on the water’s surface. Pressing down on the surface of the water, permits drowning people to leverage their bodies so they can  lift their mouths out of the water to breathe.

4. Throughout the Instinctive Drowning Response, drowning people cannot voluntarily control their arm movements. Physiologically, drowning people who are struggling on the surface of the water cannot stop drowning and perform voluntary movements such as waving for help, moving toward a rescuer, or reaching out for a piece of rescue equipment.

5. From beginning to end of the Instinctive Drowning Response people’s bodies remain upright in the water, with no evidence of a supporting kick. Unless rescued by a trained lifeguard, these drowning people can only struggle on the surface of the water from 20 to 60 seconds before submersion occurs.


A Tragic Death in the Family

Nathaniel Tulay -only son and the youngest of Ariel and Nova Tulay was pronounced dead @ 12:40 NN- April 14, 2012, last Saturday. He was survived as well by his sisters- Angel and Noriel. His wake was at their home at 570 Facundo-Aurora St., Pasay City. He just graduated from Grade 6 elementary school of Betty Vermilion Academy, Pasay last March 2012. He was buried on April 21, 2012 beside his grandfather at Everest Hills Memorial Park, Susanna Heights, Tunasan, Muntinlupa.

His father is in the overseas and so these past few years -Nathaniel always wants to be with my sons- his cousins- and so joined our outings and dinners. He was with my sons during Christmas celebrations at Lopez Building for the  year 2008 and 2009. He even saw there our current  Ambassador to Japan- Manolo Lopez there. He started joining our summer outing last year at the Nuvali-Georgia Club around April 2011. He also went with my son at VCF Alabang’s 10 AM Sunday School -also last summer for a period of one month or so.

He was also with us during the Christmas Eve Service when I especially fetched my mother from Parañaque -and when Pastor Jansen Moradas preached about “Jesus Period”-so I think -more or less that he knows the gospel about Jesus -from a church group with a plain mission to -“Honor God, Make Disciples”.

Unfortunately, last Saturday – at CME Resort,Taytay -after searching for him- he was found by my sons-Raviel and Rayuel lying sideways down below -6 feet from the near end of a 5’11 feet deep lap pool. Immediately a lane side swimmer got him from below -and then the lifeguard came to apply CPR -front and down-but was not able to make any response. All the time I was holding his hands and feet-so to make him know I was there with him. Until the resort’s medic decided to bring him to a near hospital -Manila East Medical Center-and tried to apply CPR within the van. I tried to call  on the Lord in the van while asking Nathaniel to come back. But I felt that the heavens were closed-and I can feel no response.

In the emergency room -while 4 nurses and 2 doctors tried to revive him- but to no avail-with all the apparatus and IVs and equipment-his eyes are just dilated-staring far but not responding to us there. The doctor tried to get consent after an almost an hour of efforts to stop any resuscitations since they were not receiving any response from him-I cannot give it -since I felt I don’t need to and I was not of the same surname as he is. Neither my wife or his mother on the phone. But you can really feel that it was really his time to depart.

Today I heard a whisper-that the Lord did not took him from us- though He permitted what happened. For He knows how it feels to lose His one and only Son -and He does not delight in a similar situation. He was sounding out a lot of impressions to me, to Nathaniel, to his mother especially -that this day maybe averted.

Facebook Share of Nathaniel

But in bits and pieces- I have come to know that he was handed or entrusted to us for a time-and in order to learn some about the Lord and His Word-through songs, verses and stories through us and VCF Alabang – and these are the only signs He is giving us on where Nathaniel is now. Whatever the Enemy of our soul did to us- God had taken care of the big picture for us-WELL AHEAD of our plans and regrets – so as to rectify the situation-whatever may come to pass .

Nathaniel likes to sing the  Chris Tomlin song-“Our God” which is based on Romans 8:31, which says:

“Our God is greater
Our God is stronger
God, You are higher than any other
Our God is healer
Awesome in power
Our God, our God

And if our God is for us
Then who could ever stop us
And if our God is with us
Then what could stand against

And if our God is for us
Then who could ever stop us
And if our God is with us
Then what could stand against
What could stand against
What could stand against”

So in all our failings or shortcomings -His purpose will not be hindered. No creature, above, below or here on earth, can thwart Him.  Again in Romans 8-  Apostle Paul said –

“V37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. V38 For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, V39 nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

Our children is important to God

Our children is important to God

Ephesians 6: 4    Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.

Colossians 3: 20 Children, be obedient to your parents in all things, for this is well-pleasing to the Lord.

2 Timothy 3:14 You, however, continue in the things you have learned and become convinced of, knowing from whom you have learned them, 15 and that from childhood you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.

1 Corinthians 7:13 And a woman who has an unbelieving husband, and he consents to live with her, she must not send her husband away. 14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified through her believing husband; for otherwise your children are unclean, but now they are holy.

Acts 2:38                    Peter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39    “For the promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God will call to Himself.” 40                And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” 41                        So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls. 42 They were continually devoting themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.

Many from the Reformed, Presbyterian and even Evangelical-Anglicans have quoted Acts 2 –as saying that the Lord promised that the children of believers should be baptized as well. Not pointing out the immediate context that this promise was made first to Jewish generation who crucified the Messiah. And that the proof that the promised is true is that they are baptized in the Spirit-there and then at the day of Pentecost. It is not just repentance, belief and salvation is promised here –nut the dawn of a history filled with Holy Spirit-baptized. The original disciples in fact –also spoke in tongues.

Acquiring such promise and pushing it reality to an undetermined future for ‘children’ is not exegesis-but eisegesis-putting a Constantinian/Augustinian understanding of original sin and sacrament into it.  We have our fears of babies dying or being sick in their infancy-as well the state’s need to identify its citizens from its enemies-but this can be address by other Scripture’s wisdom rather than misusing the Lord’s commandment in confirming their commitment publicly.

Our children are important to God-but he does not want us to baptize them –but to raised them properly. The New Covenant are for credible professors of faith in Jesus Christ. They are not like that of the Old Covenant –

Jeremiah 31: 31“Behold, days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32                         not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD.

33 But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the LORD, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.

For members in the Old Covenant can break it-it includes non-believing Israelites and their households and slaves as well. It is a covenant ratified in blood and confirmed –fleshly- through the circumcision of the male children. Circumcision points towards spiritual circumcision that is in Christ-but in the OT –it points to the blood and flesh descendants of Abraham- Israelites, Ishmaelites and all who came from Abraham.

But a change came in the NT –

John 1:11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

Galatians 3: 7      Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham9So then those who are of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer…. 14  in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.  29 And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s descendants, heirs according to promise.

It is those who believe-not an easy thing-for it is a work of the Holy Spirit- who are now sons of Abraham. The continuity is in the faith of Abraham-the believer. The discontinuity also lies in that faith-unlike those of his OT descendants- it no longer by blood, flesh or will of man –can one be a child of Abraham.

What is our responsibility now as parents in the New Covenant with regards to children? They are considered ‘holy’ because of our relationship to Jesus-meaning they are legitimate and moral offspring- not made in adulterous or fornications situation. And they should be reared in godly environment of Scripture influenced educational curriculum. So that when they reach their own mental or psychological independent age- they will freely choose Jesus as their Lord and Savior. Nothing turns off a child faster than a bad family environment. Rudderless and loveless to the core.

And so-let us raise them right-but our commitment to the Lord does not necessitates that we baptized our children. But we must hold our faith in sincerity –so that in time they will also profess what we always wanted them to be –a Christian –believing and trusting the Lord Jesus for their salvation and living under his Lordship.